Eating junk foods such as burgers, fries, biscuits and fizzy drinks may cause as much damage to the kidney as diabetes, a new study has warned.
Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity and the number of cases
are rising worldwide at an alarming rate, an online report said. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin
or does not react to it.
This causes an accumulation of sugar (glucose) in the blood, which can
have severe long-term consequences for organs, including the kidneys,
where it can lead to diabetic kidney disease, researchers said.
Hence, finding a way to block glucose re-absorption in the kidneys could
offer a potential treatment for lowering blood sugar levels, they said.
For the study, researchers from Anglia Ruskin University in the UK used
animal models of diabetes and models of diet-induced obesity and insulin
resistance to see how insulin resistance and too much sugar or fat
affect glucose transporters in the kidney.
The rats were fed junk food consisting of cheese, chocolate bars,
biscuits and marshmallows for eight weeks, or a rodent chow high in fat
(containing 60 percent) for five weeks.
Researchers then tested the effect of these diets on blood sugar levels
and the different glucose transporters in the kidneys. The effect of the
diets on these transporters was compared with the changes also seen in
rat models of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
They found that certain types of glucose transporters (GLUT and SGLT) as
well as their regulatory proteins were present in a higher number in
type 2 diabetic rats. But a high fat diet and junk food diet caused a
similar increase in those receptors.
“The Western diet contains more and more processed junk food and fat,
and there is a well-established link between excessive consumption of
this type of food and recent increases in the prevalence of obesity and
type 2 diabetes,” said Havovi Chichger from Anglia Ruskin University.
“In our study, type 1 and type 2 diabetes both induce changes in glucose
transport in the kidney, but junk food or a diet high in fat causes
changes that are very similar to those found in type 2 diabetes,” said
“Understanding how diet can affect sugar handling in the kidneys and
whether the inhibitors can reverse these changes could help to protect
the kidneys from further damage,” she added.
The findings were published in the journal: Experimental Physiology.
Monday, 24 October 2016
Junk Food Damages Kidneys- Study
Mrs. Chioma Adanma Umeha is a journalist of over two decades experience. At the moment, she is the Health Editor of Newswatch Times, Lagos, Nigeria. A graduate of Mass Communications from Anambra State University, Enugu, she also holds a Masters Degree in International Relations and Strategic Studies from the Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos.
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